History of BHU (BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY) : A Glimpse

History of BHU

Banaras Hindu University(B.H.U.) is a collegiate-level central university in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. In 1916, Rameshwar Singh, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Sunderlal, and Annie Besant established the University. Moreover, 30,000+ students are residents on the Campus, which owns the greatest residential University in Asia. Now, let’s know about the History of B.H.U.

Historical Prospectus

The history of B.H.U. It passed through adverse conditions. Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya put forward the idea of Hindu University in 1904 at Varanasi. In October 1905, the University circulated its prospect. On December 31, 1905, a meeting was held in Varanasi where a handful of educationalists and representatives of the Hindu Community from India assembled. The Congress of Hindu Religion under the Presidency of Shri Shankaracharya also considered and approved it in Jan 1906.

Former name Central Hindu College
Motto Knowledge imparts Immortality
Type Public
Established 4 February 1916
Founders Madan Mohan Malaviya,
Annie Besant,
Rameshwar Singh,
Sunder Lal
Chancellor Giridhar Malaviya
Vice-chancellor V.K. Shukla
Visitor President of India
Rector Governor of Uttar Pradesh
Students 30,000+
Campus Multiple sites
Location Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
25.2677°N, 82.9891°E
Mascot Goddess Saraswati
Website bhu.ac.in
University Anthem Kulgeet
Affiliations ACU, AIU, NAAC, UGC
Short Details About BHU


At the sacred Sangam (meeting place of the three rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati at Prayag), Malaviya Ji took a vow to dedicate his life to establishing the proposed University. Meanwhile, he realized it was a great project to be taken up with his profession and launched the mission in Jan 1911.

Contributions and Suggestions

Finally, in the history of B.H.U., Mrs. Besant suggested establishing a University under the name “The University of India.” In April 1911, Besant and Malaviya Ji decided to unite their forces and work for Hindu University. Moreover, an appeal for Rs.1 crore for the establishment of the University was made to the public by Malaviya Ji on July 15, 1911. Deputations were organized for raising funds, so they visited Calcutta, United Provinces, Bihar, and Punjab. Meanwhile, promises of donation of nearly Rs.30 Lakhs were secured from the public in a few months. Consequently, the Darbhanga Maharaja donated Rs.50 Lakhs and led the delegation to many Indian states to raise funds.


In December 1911, a society named ‘The Hindu University’ fashioned and registered. Furthermore, the movement for collection at this stage went into full swing. Also, the princes, the poor, and the rich contributed their mite towards the funds of the University. Besides this, contributions came from the entire nation.

The BHU Bill

Sir Harcourt Butler introduced the B.H.U. Bill in the Imperial Legislative general assembly in March 1915 and referred it to a selected committee. That committee came up along with the report concluding the reading before the Imperial Legislative Council. On October 1, 1915, the Imperial Legislative board passed the bill and then received the permission of the Governor-General and Viceroy of India and became Law.


The history of B.H.U. Finally took a new way all around, and B.H.U. It was finally established in 1916. The muse for the elemental field of the University was laid by Lord Hardinge on Vasant Panchami on February 4, 1916.

History Of BHU Expansion

Consequently, in between 5-8 February 1916, to promote the University’s expansion Malaviya Ji invited eminent guest speakers, namely, Mahatma Gandhi, Jagdish Chandra, Satyendra Nath Bose, C.V.Raman, Prafulla Chandra Ray, Sam Hamminginton, Patron Saint Geddes, and Annie Besant to produce a series of lectures known as “The University Extension Lectures.” Moreover, Gandhi’s lecture on the event was his first public address in India.


Sunderlal was appointed the primary V.C., and its academic session began within the same month while the Campus was built over 1300 acres (5.3 square km ) on the southern edge of Varanasi, near the bank of the river Ganges, on the land donated by the Kashi Naresh on the fringes of the city.

History of BHU’s Campus facilities

The campus hostel and the main entrance gate are the pride of B.H.U., in which the Campus has over 60 hostels offering residential accommodations for over 12,000 students. On-campus housing is additionally on the market to a majority of the full-time faculty. Adjacent to it, the main entrance gate and boundary wall was constructed with the donation made by Maharaja of Balrampur and Maharaja Pateshwari Prasad Singh.

The history of BHU’s Sayaji Rao Gaekwad Central Library

It is the main Library on Campus and houses over 1.3 million volumes as of 2011. Recently in 1941, the construction of this library was completed, financed by Maharaja SayajiRao Gaekwad III of Baroda. Along with the main library, there are three institute libraries, eight faculty libraries, and over 25 departmental libraries available for pupils and staff.

Sir Sunderlal Hospital

S.S. Hospital stands as a teaching and learning hospital for the institute of medical sciences, est. in 1926 with 96 beds; since then, it has been expanded to over 900 beds and is the largest tertiary referral hospital within the region.

Shri Vishwanath Mandir in the BHU campus

Honestly, it is the most well-known landmark located in the center of the Campus. In March 1931, the foundation for this 252 feet high complex of seven temples, namely the Vishwanath Temple laid, and subsequently took almost three decades to complete.

Bharat Kala Bhawan

It is an art and archaeological museum on the Campus. In January 1920, it got established. Its first chairman was Nobel laureate, Rabindranath Tagore, with his nephew Abanindranath Tagore as a vice-chairman.

Rajiv Gandhi South Campus affiliation with BHU

By the Bharat Mandal Trust in 1979, the Rajiv Gandhi South Campus in Barkachha, Mirzapur district spreading over 2700 acres (11square km) transferred in the form of lease to B.H.U. Also, the South campus hosts the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Agricultural science center) with a focus on research in Agricultural techniques, agro-forestry, and biodiversity to the Vindhya Range Region.

Hostel Facilities in BHU Campus



B.H.U. is a fully residential University with a total of 62 hostels, separate for boys and girls, also having 4 individual hostels for students from abroad. Hostels are named after eminent personalities such as Birla, Shastri, Lakshmibai, etc. The Birla hostel is one of the oldest hostels constructed in 1921 by the industrialist Shri Jugal Kishore Birla in memory of his father, Baldev Das Birla, and is also the biggest hostel. Additionally, for the administrative purpose, the Birla hostel was divided into 3 sub-hostels – Birla A, Birla B, Birla C. Undergraduate students are accommodated in Birla A. In contrast, Birla B is supposed for Analysis students(Research Scholars) and Birla C for postgraduate students.

Affiliated colleges and schools in BHU

Colleges

Vasanta Kanya Mahavidyalaya

DAV P.G. College

VCW (Vasanta College For Women)

Arya Mahila P.G. College

Schools

Central Hindu Girls School

Central Hindu Boys School

Ranvir Sanskrit Vidyalaya

Academics

In brief, Banaras Hindu University is organized into six institutes and 14 faculties(streams ) whose area unit is administratively autonomous with its budget, management, and educational bodies.

Admissions

B.H.U. Conducts national level U.E.T. and P.E.T. usually during May-June for admission and February-March is the period of registration and the admissions to B.Tech/Pharm. and M.Tech/Pharm is done through JEE and GATE respectively whereas admissions to M.B.A. and MBA-IB was through IIM-CAT score and also through a separate entrance test BHU-MBA, yet another, admissions in Ph.D. is through N.E.T. or CRET Test and in I.M.S. through the P.M.T. exam. For example, in the admission in B.F.A., candidates are needed to present two sensible, practical exams after they have secured a good rank in objective exams whereas international students are admitted through the application submitted to the Indian mission in her/his country by her/his country’s mission in India.

University Festivals

Banaras Hindu University celebrates Saraswati puja day as the foundation day of B.H.U. Every year and we all know that Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of music, arts, wisdom, nature, and knowledge, truly reflects the motto of B.H.U. Students represent their faculty/institute in various art competitions such as poems, debates, essay writing, painting, singing, dancing, drama, music, and mimicry, which is held every year during Vasant Panchami in February or March known as “Spandan.”

Awards and Medals

Additionally, the meritorious students of B.H.U. Gets a medal for securing the first position in the respective departments/faculties.

Protests

For instance, a woman reported to the University regarding sexual harassment on September 21, 2017. She claimed that the University responded by blaming her. As a result, on September 22, 2017, students organized a protest against the University’s treatment of women, and the protecting officers used Baton Charge in an attempt to get protesters to disperse.

Reference: History of BHU (BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY)

Also Read: 10 things you must do in BHU(BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY)